LITERATURE MEME | 1/2 MOVEMENTS
"The mind in creation is as a fading coal, which some invisible influence, like an inconstant wind, awakens to transitory brightness; this power arises from within, like the colour of a flower which fades and changes as it is developed, and the conscious portions of our nature are unprophetic either of its approach or its departure."
Percy Bysshe Shelley, A Defence of Poetry.
Romanticism was an attitude or intellectual orientation that characterised many works of literature, painting, music, architecture, criticism, and historiography in Western civilisation over a period from the late 18th to the mid-19th century. Romanticism can be seen as a rejection of the precepts of order, calm, harmony, balance, idealisation, and rationality that typified Classicism in general and late 18th-century Neoclassicism in particular. It was also to some extent a reaction against the Enlightenment and against 18th-century rationalism and physical materialism in general. Romanticism emphasised the individual, the subjective, the irrational, the imaginative, the personal, the spontaneous, the emotional, the visionary, and the transcendental.
mythology meme: [2/2] epics
↳ the poetic edda
The Codex Regius, the original collection of material, was written down sometime in the 13th century. After its discovery, the skaldic poetry contained within was assembled into the epic known today as the Poetic Edda. The first part of the Poetic Edda tells stories of gods, and the creation and ultimate destruction of the Universe; the second part describes the adventures of several Norse heroes and heroines. Its companion is the Prose Edda, and together the Eddas are the primary source of Norse mythology and skaldic tradition.
mythology edit: ► 8 legendary mythological creatures
[inspired by [x] incredible post]
♛ HISTORY MEME ♛ [4/5] WARS: Seven Years' War
The Seven Years’ War was a war that took place between 1754 and 1763 with the main conflict being in the seven-year period 1756–1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines. This war is often said to be a continuation of the War of the Austrian Succession, which had lasted from 1740 to 1748.
The war was driven by the competing interests among the great powers of Europe. Great Britain competed with both France and Spain over trade and colonies. Meanwhile rising power Prussia was struggling with Austria for dominance within and outside the Holy Roman Empire in central Europe. In the wake of the War of the Austrian Succession, the major powers “switched partners;” Prussia established an alliance with Britain while traditional enemies France and Austria formed an alliance of their own. The Anglo-Prussian alliance was joined by smaller German states (especially Hanover) and later Portugal. The Austro-French alliance included Sweden, Saxony and later Spain. The Russian Empire was originally aligned with Austria, but switched sides upon the succession of Tsar Peter III in 1762 and, like Sweden, concluded a separate peace with Prussia.
The war ended with the Treaty of Paris between France, Spain and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg between Saxony, Austria and Prussia, both in 1763. The war was characterized in Europe by sieges and arson of towns as well as open battles involving extremely heavy losses; overall, some 900,000 to 1,400,000 people died. The war has been described as the first “world war”, although this label was also given to various earlier conflicts. [x]
mythology meme: [1/2] epics
↳ the iliad (Ἰλιάς)
The earlier of the two epic poems attributed to Homer, the Iliad is one of the earliest works in Western literature, usually dated to around the eight century BC. Written in what is today referred to as Homeric Greek, the epic retells the events of the last weeks in the tenth and final year of the Trojan war. There are many interwoven themes in the poem, but the first word of it, mēnin (accusative of mēnis), establishes the central theme: wrath, both divine and mortal. Another of the most notable themes is the idea of kēr, or fated death, which is tightly bound to both kleos and timê – honour and glory.
I’ve dressed thousands of actors, actresses and animals, but whenever I am asked which star is my personal favorite, I answer, “Grace Kelly.” She is a charming lady, a most gifted actress and, to me, a valued friend. - Edith Head
Puccini, E lucevan le stelle
E lucevan le stelle …
ed olezzava la terra
stridea l’uscio dell’orto …
e un passo sfiorava la rena …
Entrava ella fragrante,
mi cadea fra le braccia.
O! dolci baci, o languide carezze,
mentr’io fremente le belle forme disciogliea dai veli!
Svanì per sempre il sogno mio d’amore.
L’ora è fuggita, e muoio disperato!
E muoio disperato!
E non ho amato mai tanto la vita,
tanto la vita!
The stars were shining,
And the earth was scented.
The gate of the garden creaked
And a footstep touched the sand…
Fragrant, she entered
And fell into my arms.
Oh, sweet kisses and languorous caresses,
While feverishly I stripped the beautiful form of its veils!
Forever, my dream of love has vanished.
That moment has fled, and I die in desperation.
And I die in desperation!
And I never before loved life so much,
Loved life so much!
It ought to come like leaves to a tree, or it better not come at all.